Vol. 7 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2013
Case Report Páginas: 132 a 135

Prefrontal damage in childhood and changes in the development of personality: a case report

Authors Valéria Santoro Bahia1; Leonel Tadao Takada2; Leonardo Caixeta3; Leandro Tavares Lucato4; Claudia Sellitto Porto5; Ricardo Nitrini6

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keywords: traumatic brain injury, neuropsychology, frontal lobe, social behavior.

ABSTRACT:
Frontal lobe lesions are associated with behavioral abnormalities and executive dysfunction. When these lesions occur early in life, the symptoms are even more severe as the anatomical and functional substrates underlying personality and behavior are damaged, distorting normal modulation by interaction with the psychosocial environment. We present a case of a 40-year-old man who suffered a frontal lobe lesion at the age of nine years and developed impulsivity, disinhibition and inappropriate behaviors while showing some preservation of insight. Brain MRI revealed lesions to bilateral orbitofrontal cortex, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate gyri and genu of the corpus callosum, which were more extensive on the right side. The right prefrontal dorsolateral cortex was severely damaged, whereas the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex was spared. We will discuss the correlation of the damaged pre frontal regions with the symptoms presented by the patient.

 

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