Vol. 12 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2018
Case Report Páginas: 92 a 96

Extending the range of differential diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy of the boxer: Insights from a case report

Authors Leonardo Caixeta1; Iron Dangoni Filho2; Rafael Dias de Sousa2; Pedro Paulo Dias Soares2; Andreia Costa Rabelo Mendonça2


keywords: chronic traumatic encephalopathy, dementia pugilistica, differential diagnosis, frontal lobe dementia, corticobasal syndrome, multiple system atrophy.

Sports activities associated with repetitive cranial trauma have become a fad and are popular in gyms and even among children. It is important to consistently characterize the consequences of such sports activities in order to better advise society on the real risks to the central nervous system. We present the case of a former boxer reporting cognitive and behavioral symptoms that began six years after his retirement as a boxer, evolving progressively with parkinsonian and cerebellar features suggestive of probable chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Using our case as a paradigm, we extended the range of differential diagnosis of CTE, including corticobasal degeneration, multiple system atrophy, vitamin B12 deficiency, neurosyphilis, frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease.


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