Vol. 16 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2022
Views & Reviews Páginas: 135 a 152

Long-term studies in cognitive training for older adults: a systematic review

Authors Thais Bento Lima da Silva1,2; Jéssica Souza Bratkauskas1; Maurício Einstoss de Castro Barbosa1; Guilherme Alves da Silva1; Mariana Garcia Zumkeller1; Luiz Carlos de Moraes2; Patrícia Prata Lessa2; Neide Pereira Cardoso2; Tiago Nascimento Ordonez1; Sonia Maria Dozzi Brucki3


keywords: Aging; Aged; Cognition; Cognitive Aging; Time.

Studies show that aging is accompanied by losses in cognitive functions and that interventions can increase performance and/or support the maintenance of cognitive skills in the elderly.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to carry out a systematic review of long-term studies involving cognitive training (CT) in older adults without dementia and/or with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
METHODS: A systematic review of controlled studies was published in scientific journals from 2000 onward, with duration ≥6 months, CT intervention, cognitively normal (CN) or MCI participants aged ≥60 years, and assessments using cognitive and/or neuropsychological tests.
RESULTS: A total of 32 studies were reviewed, comprising 10 on study protocols, 14 in CN older adults (no MCI and/or dementia), and 8 in older adults with MCI or at risk for dementia.
CONCLUSIONS: The studies reported improvements in cognitive performance for some motor abilities, among older participants of CT with or without booster sessions, including multimodal interventions or otherwise.


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